Nta Ugc Net New Syllabus 2019 For Linguistics

Nta Ugc Net New Syllabus 2019 For Linguistics

Post Recommended For :

Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 , Nta Ugc net Linguistics question papers, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books in Linguistics pdf, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books online, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books 2019, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 download, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 pdf download, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 Linguistics download, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics pdf, Nta Ugc net books for Linguistics in Linguistics, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019  Linguistics medium, Nta Ugc net Linguistics in Linguistics syllabus 2019 , latest Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics, Nta Ugc net Linguistics new syllabus 2019 , syllabus 2019 of Nta Ugc net Linguistics 2019, syllabus 2019 of Nta Ugc net Linguistics,

Subject:LINGUISTICS Code No.:31

SYLLABUS

Unit-1: Language and Linguistics

Nature of Language: Language in spoken and written modes, language as

written text—philological and literary notions i.e., norm, purity

and their preservation; language as a cultural heritage—codification

and transmission of cultural knowledge and behavior; language as a

marker of social identity; language as an object i.e., notion of

autonomy, structure and its units and components; design Features

of language; writing system—units of writing—sound (alphabetic),

or syllable (syllabic) and morpheme/word (logographic), sign

language; existence of language faculty; linguistic competence, ideal

speaker-hearer.

Approaches to the Study of Language: Ancient approaches to the

study of language: Indian and Greco-Roman, semiotic approach—

interpretation of sign; language as a system of social behaviour—use

of language in family, community and country; language as a

system of communication—communicative functions—

emotive, conative, referential, poetic, metalinguistic and phatic;

1

language as a cognitive system; relation with culture and thought

(Linguistic Relativity); Saussurean dichotomies: signifier and

signified, langue and parole, synchronic and diachronic, syntagmatic

and paradigmatic.

Language Analysis: Levels and their hierarchy—

phonetic/phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic/pragmatic;

their interrelations; linguistic units and their distribution at different levels;

notions of contrast and complementation; -emic and -etic categorisation; notion of

rule at different levels; description vs. explanation of grammatical facts.

Linguistics and other Fields: Relevance of Linguistics to other fields of

enquiry—Philosophy, Anthropology, Sociology, Neurology, Speech Sciences,

Geography, Psychology, Education, Computer Science and Literature.

Unit 2. Phonetics and Phonology

Phonetics

Phonetics as a study of speech sounds: articulatory, auditory, and

acoustic phonetics.

Articulatory Phonetics: Processes of speech production: airstream

process, oro-nasal process, phonation process, and articulatory process;

classification of speech sounds: vowels and consonants, cardinal vowels (primary

and secondary); complex articulation: secondary articulation, coarticulation;

syllable; suprasegmentals—length, stress, tone, intonation and juncture;

phonetic transcription: International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

2

Acoustic Phonetics: Sound waves— simple and complex, periodic and

aperiodic; harmonics; frequency and fundamental frequency, amplitude,

duration; resonance, filters, spectrum, spectrogram; formants, transition,

burst; voice onset time; aspiration; noise spectra; cues for speech sounds: vowel

(monophthong and diphthong), semivowel, stop, fricative, nasal, lateral, glide,

places of articulation of consonants.

Phonology

Descriptive Phonology: Phonetics vs. phonology; concept of phoneme, phone and

allophone; principles of phonemic analysis— phonetic similarity, contrastive

distribution, complementary distribution, free variation, pattern congruity;

notions of biuniqueness, neutralization and archiphoneme.

Generative Phonology: Linear and non-linear approaches: levels of phonological

representation; phonological rules; distinctive features (major class, manner,

place, etc.); abstractness controversy; rule ordering and types of rule ordering,

markedness; principles of lexical phonology; principles of optimality theory.

Unit 3. Morphology

Basic Concepts: Scope and nature of morphology; concepts of morpheme,

morph, allomorph, zero allomorph, conditions on allomorphs; lexeme and word;

Types of morphemes—free and bound; root, stem, base, suffix, infix, prefix,

portmanteau morpheme, suppletive, replacive; affixes vs. clitics; grammatical

categories – tense, aspect, mood, person, gender, number, case; case markers and

3

case relations; pre- and post-positions; models of morphological description: item

and arrangement, item and process, word and paradigm;

Morphological Analysis: Identification of morphemes; morphological

alternation; morphophonemic processes; internal and external sandhi; inflection

vs. derivation; conjugation and declension.

Word-Formation Processes: Derivation (primary vs. secondary derivation,

nominalization, verbalization, etc.), compounding (types of compounds:

endocentric, exocentric, etc.), reduplication, back-formation, conversion,

clipping, blending, acronyms, folk etymology, creativity and productivity,

blocking, bracketing paradoxes, constraints on affix ordering.

Morpho-syntax: Nominalization and lexicalist hypothesis; grammatical

function changing rules: causatives, passives.

Unit 4. Syntax

Traditional and Structural Syntax: parts of speech: Indian classification (naama,

aakhyaata, upasarga, nipaata); basic syntactic units and their types: word,

phrase, clause, sentence, karaka relations; grammatical relations and case

relations; construction types (exocentric, endocentric, etc.), immediate

constituent analysis.

Generative Syntax: Parameters and universal grammar, null subject

parameter, innateness hypothesis, meaning of the term ‘generative’,

4

transformational generative grammar, structure and structure-

dependence, diagnostics for structure; complements and adjuncts,

principles and parameters theory, X-bar theory, theta theory, binding

theory; pro-drop, NP-movement, wh-movement, head movement,

adjunction and substitution, constraints on movement, subjacency,

government and proper government, small clauses, topicalization;

unergatives and unaccusatives, VP-internal subject hypothesis; split

VP and VP-shell hypothesis, cross-over phenomena; checking theory

of case, copy theory of movement, inclusiveness principle.

Some Key Concepts in the Minimalist Programme: Spell-out, greed,

procrastination, last resort, AGR-based case theory, multiple-spec

hypothesis, strong and weak features; interpretable and non-

interpretable features.

Transformational Components: The copy theory of movement, its

properties, checking devices and features of convergence.

Unit 5. Semantics and Pragmatics

Semantics: Types of meaning; descriptive, emotive and phatic; sense and

reference, connotation and denotation, sense relations (homonymy, hyponymy,

antonymy, synonymy, etc.); types of opposition (taxonomic, polar, etc.);

ambiguity, sentence meaning and truth conditions, contradictions, entailment;

‘abhidha’, ‘laksana’, ‘vyanjana’; Notions of membership, union, intersection,

5

cardinality; mapping and functions; propositions, truth values, sentential

connectives; arguments, predicates, quantifiers, variables; componential

analysis; definiteness, mood and modality, specific vs. generic; definite and

indefinite; compositionality and its limitations.

Pragmatics: Language use in context; communication: message model

and inferential model of communication, sentence meaning and utterance

meaning; speech acts; deixis; presupposition and implicature: Gricean

maxims; information structure; indexicals, politeness, power and solidarity,

discourse analysis.

Unit 6. Historical Linguistics

Sound Change: Neogrammarian laws of phonetic change: Grimm’s, Verner’s,

Grassmann’s Laws; genesis and spread of sound change; split and merger;

conditioned vs. unconditioned change; types of changes—phonetic vs.

phonemic changes; assimilation and dissimilation, coalescence, metathesis,

deletion, epenthesis; lexical diffusion of sound change; analogy and its

relationship to sound change; reconstructing the proto-stages of languages; tree

and wave models; relative chronology of different changes. Sociolinguistic

approach to language change: social motivation of language change; study of

sound change in progress.

Morphosyntactic and Semantic Change: Phonological change leading to

changes in morphology and syntax; syncretism, grammaticalisation and

lexicalisation; principles of recovering grammatical categories and

6

contrasts; semantic change and processes of semantic change—extension,

narrowing, figurative speech.

Linguistic Reconstruction: External vs. internal reconstruction: comparative

method, collection of cognates, establishing phonological correspondences;

reconstruction of the phonemes of the proto-language based on contrast and

complementation; morphophonemic alternations as the source for

reconstruction; recovering historical contrasts by comparing, alternating and

non-alternating paradigms; accounting for exceptions to sound change—

analogy, borrowing, onomatopoeia, the interplay of analogy and sound change;

lexicostatistics.

Language Contact and Dialect Geography: Linguistic borrowing, lexical and

structural; motivations, loan translation, loan blend, calque, assimilated and

unassimilated loans: tadbhava and tatsama; different types of borrowing–

cultural, intimate and dialect; classification of loanwords; impact of

borrowing on language; pidgins and creoles; bilingualism as the source for

borrowing; dialect geography: dialect atlas; isogloss; focal area, transition area

and relic area.

Unit 7. Sociolinguistics

Basic Concepts: Sociolinguistics and sociology of language; micro-and macro

approaches to language in society; linguistic repertoire: language, dialect,

sociolect, idiolect; diglossia, taboo, slang; elaborated and restricted codes; speech

community, communicative competence, ethnography of speaking; language of

7

wider communication; lingua franca; language and social inequality; language in

diaspora; new linguistic world orders.

Linguistic Variability: Patterns in linguistic variation, linguistic variables and

their co-variation with linguistic dimensions, social class / social network / age /

gender/ ethnicity; language loyalty, social identity and social attitudes,

stereotypes.

Language Contact: Bilingualism, multilingualism; code-mixing and code-

switching; outcomes of language contact: language maintenance, borrowing,

convergence, substratum effect, pidginization and creolization; language loss.

Language Development: Language planning, corpus and status planning,

standardisation and modernisation; language movements – state and societal

interventions; script development and modifications; linguistic minorities and

their problems.

Language Ecology and Endangerment: Superdiversity; linguistic landscaping,

linguistic vitality, language endangerment, parameters of endangerment,

documentation of endangered languages, revitalisation.

Sociolinguistic Methodology: Sampling and tools; identification of sociolinguistic

variables and their variants; data processing and interpretation; quantitative

analysis of data; variable rules; ethnomethodology; participant observation.

8

Unit 8. Areal Typology and South Asian Language Families

Language Typology, Universals and Linguistic Relatedness: Language

typology and language universals; morphological types of languages—

agglutinative, analytical (isolating), synthetic fusional (inflecting),

infixing and polysynthetic (incorporating) languages. formal and

substantive universals, absolute and statistical universals;

implicational and non-implicational universals; linguistic

relatedness—genetic, typological and areal classification of

languages.

Approaches for Study: Inductive vs deductive approaches; universals

of language and parametric variation; word order typology;

Greenberg’s characteristics for verb final and verb medial languages

and related features in the context of South Asian Languages.

Salient Features of South Asian Languages: Phonetic, phonological,

morphological, and syntactic features of Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-

Asiatic, and Tibeto-Burman language families of South Asia;

Linguistic Survey of India as a source of information; contact induced

typological change; convergence and syntactic change.

India as a Linguistc Area: The notion of linguistic area; language

contact and convergence with special reference to the concept of

‘India as a Linguistic Area’; features of retroflexion, vowel harmony,

aspiration, reduplication, echo formation, onomatopoeia, explicator

9

compound verbs, anaphora; India as a sociolinguistic area, India as a

semantic area; notion of microlinguistic area.

Unit 9. Interdisciplinary and Applied LinguisticsI

(Psycholinguistics, Language Learning and Language Teaching)

Psycholinguistics

Basic Concepts: Basic issues in psycholinguistics, brain language relationship, the

different theoretical orientations: empiricist-behaviourist, biological-

nativist, and cognitive-interactionalist, biological foundations of language;

language acquisition and stages; critical pe r i o d h y p o t h e s i s .

Language Processing: The processes of perception, comprehension and

production; evidence of language production; steps in comprehension; mental

representation of language and lexicon; relationship between comprehension and

production.

Clinical Psycholinguistics: Normal and pathological language;

aphasia; dyslexia; stuttering; language in the hearing-impaired; language in

mental retardation.

Language Learning and Language Teaching:

Language Teaching and Language Learning: First and second language

learning; behaviouristic and cognitive theories of language learning; social and

10

psychological aspects of second language acquisition; methods of language

teaching; materials and teaching-aids in language teaching; computer assisted

language teaching (CALT); language testing: types of tests; validity, reliability

and standardization of tests; Interlanguage.

Language Teaching Analysis: Goals of language teaching; factors in the

preparation of a language teaching syllabus: linguistic theory, social and

psychological factors, needs analysis, class-room presentation; text-book

evaluation; types of syllabus: structural, communicative, notional; the role of the

teacher and teacher training; role of self-access packages; socio-linguistic and

psychological aspects of language teaching and learning.

Contrastive Analysis: Error analysis and interlanguage; basic

interpersonal communicative skills (BICS) and cognitive advanced language

proficiency (CALP);

Unit 10. Interdisciplinary and Applied LinguisticsII (Translation,

Lexicography, Computational Linguistics, Stylistics, Language and Media)

Translation

Paraphrase, translation and transcreation; translation of literary text and

technical text; use of linguistics in translation; linguistic affinity and

translatability; untranslatability; units of translation; equivalence of meaning and

style; translation loss and gain; problems of cultural terms; scientific terms; idioms,

metaphors and proverbs; false friends and translation shifts; evaluation of

11

translation; fidelity and readability; types of translation—simultaneous

interpretation, machine aided translation, media translation (dubbing, copy-

editing, advertisement, slogans, jingles, etc.)

Lexicography

Making of a Dictionary: Linguistics and lexicography, dictionary entries—

arrangement of information; meaning descriptions—synonymy, polysemy,

homonymy, antonymy and hyponymy; treatment of technical terms vs. general

words.

Types of Dictionaries: Literary, scientific and technical; comprehensive and

concise, monolingual and bilingual; general and learner’s. historical and

etymological, dictionary of idioms and phrases, encyclopaedic dictionary,

electronic dictionary, reverse dictionary, thesaurus and other distinguishing

purposes and features of various types; computational lexicography.

Computational Linguistics

Artificial intelligence and language; natural language processing (NLP);

computational linguistics and its relation to allied disciplines; machine

language; parsing and generation; parsers; compilers; interpreters—information

processing, structuring and manipulating data; corpus building; attempts of

NLP and corpus work in India: Anusāraka parsing: morphological recognizers,

analyzers and generators for Indian languages; designing code, building of

machine translation systems (MTS); hyper grammars, building of word nets,

The Kolhapur Corpus of Indian English, the TDIL Corpus Project.

12

Stylistics

Style— individual style, period style; style as choice, style as deviation, style

as ‘rīti’, style as ‘alankāra’; style as ‘vyanjanā’ (‘vakrokti’); Foregrounding;

Parallelism; Text as grammar: structure and texture, cohesion and coherence;

semiotic aspects of a literary text; stylistics of discourse; levels of stylistic

analysis—phonological, lexical, syntactic and semantic; stylistic devices in

literary texts.

Language and Media

Mass media: print and electronic, types of language used in mass media: news,

editorials, advertising, writing and editing for print and electronic media, impact

of mass media on language.

Click Here To  Download >> Nta Ugc Net Syllabus 2019 For Linguistics Download Pdf


Must Read This : Nta Ugc Net Paper 1st Study Free Material Notes [ Eng-Hindi Pdf ] 2019

 

Nta Ugc Net New Syllabus 2019 For Linguistics

Post Recommended For :

Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 , Nta Ugc net Linguistics question papers, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books in Linguistics pdf, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books online, Nta Ugc net Linguistics books 2019, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 download, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019 pdf download, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 Linguistics download, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics pdf, Nta Ugc net books for Linguistics in Linguistics, Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics, Nta Ugc net Linguistics syllabus 2019  Linguistics medium, Nta Ugc net Linguistics in Linguistics syllabus 2019 , latest Nta Ugc net syllabus 2019 for Linguistics, Nta Ugc net Linguistics new syllabus 2019 , syllabus 2019 of Nta Ugc net Linguistics 2019, syllabus 2019 of Nta Ugc net Linguistics,

Leave a Comment

Open chat
1
Complete Study
नमस्ते जी !
Paper 1st नोट्स के लिए Chat ओपन करें.