[New] UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

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Are you searching for the UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF Download? Look no further, as we have compiled all the important details and tips to help you prepare for the exam.

The UGC NET Philosophy exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates who wish to pursue a career in the field of Philosophy. The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.

If you are planning to appear for the UGC NET Philosophy 2023 exam, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern. In this article, we have compiled all the important information you need to know about the UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

UGC NET Philosophy Exam Pattern 2023:

The UGC NET Philosophy exam consists of two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Both papers are conducted on the same day, and the duration of each paper is 3 hours. The exam is conducted online, and each question carries 2 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

The UGC NET Philosophy Exam consists of two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2.

Paper 1:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 50
  • Total marks: 100
  • Type of questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based on general aptitude, teaching and research aptitude, and current affairs.

Paper 2:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 100
  • Total marks: 200
  • Type of questions: MCQs based on Philosophy subjects.

Both papers are conducted in a single session with no break in between. The candidates are required to appear for both papers to be considered for the selection process.

It’s important to note that there is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET Philosophy Exam.

UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023: Download PDF

The UGC NET Philosophy syllabus is divided into two parts – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Here’s a detailed syllabus for both papers.

Paper 1 Syllabus:

Teaching Aptitude:

  • Teaching: Nature, objectives, characteristics, and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners, and individual differences.
  • Methods of teaching: Teacher-centered vs. learner-centered methods; Off-line vs. online methods.
  • Evaluation systems: Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in higher education, and grading system.

Research Aptitude:

  • Research: Meaning, types, and characteristics.
  • Steps of research.
  • Methods of research.
  • Research Ethics.

Reading Comprehension:

  • Comprehension passages.


  • Communication: Nature, characteristics, types, barriers, and effective communication.
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  • Classroom communication.

Logical Reasoning:

  • Understanding the structure of arguments.
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Verbal analogies.

Data Interpretation:

  • Sources, acquisition, and interpretation of data.
  • Quantitative and qualitative data.
  • Graphical representation and mapping of data.

Paper 2 Syllabus:

Nta Ugc Net Philosophy Syllabus 2023 in English

Here you can check the latest UGC NET Syllabus For Philosophy Paper-II 2021 for English Medium.

Unit 1: Classical Indian: Epistemology and Metaphysics

  • Vedic and Upaniṣadic: Ṛta – the cosmic order, the divine and the human realms; the centrality of the institution of yajῆa (sacrifice), theories of creation Ātman – Self ( and not-self ), Jāgrat, Svapna, Susupti and turiya, Brahmaṇ.
  • Cārvāka: Pratyakṣa as the only pramāṇa, critique of anumāna and śabda, Consciousness as epi-phenomenon.
  • Jainism: Concept of reality – sat, dravya, guṇa, paryāya, Jiva, ajiva, anekāntavāda, syādvāda, and nayavāda; theory of knowledge.
  • Buddhism: Four Noble Truths, Āstangika Mārga, Distinction between Brahmiṇic and Śraminic traditions. Pratityasamutpāda, kṣaṇabhahgavāda, anātmavāda. Schools of Buddhism : Vaibhāṣika, Sautrāntika, Yogacāra, Mādhyamika and Tibetan Buddhism.
  • Nyāya : Pramā and apramā, Theories of pramāṇa: pratyakṣa, anumāna, upamana, śabda. Hetvabhāsa. Concept of God. Debate between Buddhism and Nyāya about Pramāṇa-Vyavasthā and Pramāṇa Samplava. Anyathākhyati.
  • Vaiśeṣika : Concept of padārtha and its kinds, Asatkāryavāda, Kinds of Kāraṇa: samavāyi, asamavāyi, and nimitta kāraṇa, paramaṇukaraṇavāda.
  • Sāṃkhya: Satkāryavāda, prakṛti, and its evolutes, arguments for the existence of prakṛti, nature of puruṣa, arguments for the existence and plurality of puruṣa, the relationship between puruṣa and prakṛti, atheism.
  • Yoga: Pataῆjali’s Theory of Pramāṇa, the concept of ćitta and ćitta – vṛtti, stages of ćitt-bhumi, the role of God in Yoga.
  • Purva – Mimāṃsā : Pramāṇyavāda: Svatah-pramāṇyavāda and Paratah-pramāṇyavada, Śruti and its importance, classification of śruti-vākyas, vidhi, niṣedha and arthavāda, dharma, bhāvanā, śabda-nityavāda, Jāti, śaktivada; Kumārila and Prabhākara Schools of Mimāṃsa and their major points of difference, triputi – samvit, jῆatatā, abhāva and anupalabdhi, anvitadbhidhanavāda, abhihitanvayavāda, Theories of error: Akhyāti, Viparitakhyāti, atheism.
  • Vedānta:
  • Advaita : Brahmaṇ, relation between Brahmaṇ and Ātman, three grades of sattā,

    Adhyāsa, māya, Jiva, Vivartavāda, Anirvachniya-khyāti.

  • Viśiṣtādvaita : Saguṇa Brahmaṇ, refutation of māya, aprthaksiddhi pariṇāmavāda, Jiva,

    bhakti and prapatti, Brahma-Pariṇāmavāda, Sat-khyāti.

  • Dvaita: Rejection of nirguṇa brahmaṇ and māya, bheda and sāksi, bhakti.
  • Dvaitavaita: Concept of Jῆānaswaroop, kinds of inanimate
  • Sudhadvaita: Concept of Avikrta-pariṇāmavāda

Unit-2: Classical Western: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern : Epistemology and Metaphysics

  • Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Thales, Anaxagoras, Anaximenies, Ionians, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus, and Democritus,
  • The Sophists and Socrates
  • Plato and Aristotle:
    • Plato – Theory of knowledge, knowledge, and opinion, theory of Ideas, the method of

      dialectic, soul, and God.

    • Aristotle – Classification of the sciences, the theoretical, the practical and the

      productive, logic as an organon, critique of Plato’s theory of Ideas, theory of causation,

      form and matter, potentiality and actuality, soul and God.

  • Medieval Philosophy
  • St. Augustine: Problem of Evil.
  • St. Anselm: Ontological argument.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas: Faith and Reason, Essence and Existence, the Existence of God.
  • Modern Western Philosophy:
  • Descartes : Conception of the method , Criteria of truth, doubt, and methodological

    scepticism, cogito ergo sum, innate ideas, Cartesian dualism: mind and matter, proofs

    for the existence of God, interactionism

  • Spinoza: Substance, Attribute, and Mode, the concept of ‘God or Nature’, Intellectual

    love of God, parallelism, pantheism, three orders of knowing

  • Leibnitz: Monadology, truths of reason and fact, innateness of ideas, proofs for the

    existence of God, principles of non – contradiction, sufficient reason, and identity of

    indiscernibles, the doctrine of pre -established harmony, the problem of freedom

  • Locke: Ideas and their classification, refutation of innate ideas, theory of substance,

    the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, theory of knowledge, three grades

    of knowledge.

  • Berkeley: Rejection of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities,

    immaterialism, critique of abstract ideas, esse est percipi, the problem of solipcism; God

    and self.

  • Hume: Impressions and ideas, knowledge concerning relations of ideas and knowledge

    concerning matters of fact, induction and causality, the external world and the self,

    personal identity, rejection of metaphysics, scepticism, reason, and the passions

  • Kant: The critical philosophy, classification of judgements, the possibility of synthetic a

    priori judgements, the Copernican revolution, forms of sensibility, categories of

    understanding, the metaphysical and the transcendental deduction of the categories,

    phenomenon and noumenon, the Ideas of Reason – soul, God and world as a whole,

    rejection of speculative metaphysics.

  • Hegel: The conception of Geist (spirit), the dialectical method, concepts of being, non –

    being and becoming, absolute idealism, Freedom.

Unit 3: Indian Ethics

  • Concept of Purusārtha, Śreyas, and Preyas
  • Varṇāshrama, Dharma, Sādhāraṇa Dharma
  • Ṛna and yajῆa, Concept of duty
  • Karma-yoga, Sthitprajῆa, Svadharma, Lokasaṃgraha
  • Apurva and Adṛṣta
  • Sādhya-Sādhana, Itikartavyata
  • Law of Karma: ethical implications
  • Ṛta and Satya
  • Yoga-kśema
  • Astānga Yoga
  • Jainism: Samvara-nirjarā, Tri-ratṇa, Panch-vrata
  • Buddhism: Upāya-Kaushal, Brahma-vihāra: matri, karuṇā, muditā, upeksha, bodhisattva
  • Carvaka’s Hedonism

Unit 4: Western Ethics

  • Concepts of Good, right, justice, duty, obligation, cardinal virtues, Eudaemonism,

    Intuition as explained in Teleological and Deontological Theories.

  • Egoism, Altruism, Universalism
  • Subjectivism, Cultural Relativism, Super-naturalism
  • Ethical realism and Intuitionism,
  • Kant’s moral theory: Postulates of morality, Good-will, Categorical Imperative, Duty,

    Mean and ends, Maxims

  • Utilitarianism: principle of utility, the problem of sanction and justification of morality, kinds

    of utilitarianism, Moral theories of Bentham, J. S. Mill, Sidgwick

  • Theories of Punishment
  • Ethical cognitivism and non-cognitivism: Emotivism, Prescriptivism, Descriptivism

Unit- 5: Contemporary Indian Philosophy

  • Vivekananda: Practical Vedanta, Universal Religion, Religious Experience, Religious Rituals
  • Sri Aurobindo: Evolution, mind and supermind, Integral Yoga
  • Iqbal: Self, God, man and superman, Intellect and Intuition
  • Tagore: Religion of man, ideas on education, Concept of Nationalism
  • K. C. Bhattacharyya: Swaraj in ideas, Concept of Philosophy, subject as Freedom, the doctrine of Maya.
  • Radhakrishnan: Intellect and intuition, the Idealist view of life, the concept of Universal Religion, Hindu view of life.
  • J. Krishnamurti: Conception of thought, Freedom from the known, analysis of self, Choiceless awareness
  • Gandhi: Truth, Non-violence, satyagraha, swaraj, critique of modern civilization.
  • Ambedkar: Annihilation of caste, philosophy of Hinduism, Neo-Buddhism
  • D.D. Upadhyaya: Integral Humanism, Advaita Vedanta, Purusartha
  • Narayana Guru: the spiritual freedom and social equality, one caste, one religion, one God.
  • Tiruvallur: Tirukkural
  • Jyotiba Phule: Critical understanding of Caste-system.
  • M.N.Roy: Radical Humanism, Materialism
  • Maulana Azad: Humanism

Unit-6: Recent Western Philosophy

  • Analytic and Continental Philosophy:
    • Frege: Sense and Reference
    • Logical Positivism: Verification theory of meaning, Elimination of metaphysics, the concept of
    • Philosophy
    • Moore: Distinction between Sense and Reference, Refutation of Idealism, Defense of commonsense, Proof of an External World.
    • Russell: Logical Atomism, Definite Descriptions, Refutation of Idealism
    • Wittgenstein: Language and Reality, Facts and objects, names and propositions, the picture theory, critique of private language, meaning and use, forms of life, notion of philosophy, Wittgensteinian Fideism, On Certainty.
    • Gilbert Ryle: Systematically misleading expressions, category mistake, concept of mind, critique of Cartesian dualism
    • A. J. Ayer: The Problem of Knowledge
    • W.V.O. Quine: Two Dogmas of Empiricism
    • H.P. Grice and P.F. Strawson: In Defense of a dogma
  • Phenomenology and Existentialism:
    • Husserl: Phenomenological Method, Philosophy as a rigorous science, Intentionality, Phenomenological Reduction, Inter-subjectivity
    • Heidegger: The concept of Being (Dasein), Man as being in the world, critique of technological civilization
    • Kierkegaard: Subjectivity as Truth, Leap of faith
    • Sartre: Concept of Freedom, Bad-faith, Humanism
    • Morleau-Ponty: Perception, Embodied Consciousness
  • Pragmatism:
    • William James: Pragmatic Theories of Meaning and Truth, Varieties of Religious experience
    • John Dewey: Concept of Truth, Common-faith, education
  • Post-Modernism:
    • Nietzsche: Critique of Enlightenment, Will to Power, Genealogy of Moral
    • Richard Rorty: Critique of representationalism, Against Epistemological method, Edifying Philosophy
    • Immanuel Levinas: Ethics as a first philosophy, Philosophy of ‘other’

Unit- 7: Social and Political Philosophy: Indian

  • Mahabharata: Danda-niti, foundations, Rajdharma, Law and Governance, Narada’s Questions to King Yudhisthir
  • Kautilya: Sovereignty, Seven Pillars of State-craft, State, Society, Social-life, State administration, State economy, law and justice, internal security, welfare and external affairs
  • Kamandaki: Social order and State elements Constitutional Morality, Secularism and Fundamental Rights
  • Constitutionalism, Total revolution, terrorism, Swadeshi, Satyagrah, Sarvodaya, Social Democracy, State Socialism, Affirmative Action, Social Justice
  • Social Institutions: Family, Marriage, property, education and religion
  • Colonialism

Unit- 8: Social and Political Philosophy: Western

  • Plato: Ideal State and Justice
  • Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau: Social Contract Theory
  • Isaiah Berlin: Conceptions of Liberty
  • Bernard Williams: Idea of Equality
  • Liberalism: Rawls; Distributive justice, Nozick; Justice as Entitlement, Dworkin; Justice as equality; Amartya Sen: Global Justice, Freedom and Capability.
  • Marxism: Dialectical Materialism, Alienation, Critique of Capitalism, Doctrine of Class Struggle and Classless Society.
  • Communitarianism: Communitarian critique of liberal self, Universalism Vs. Particularism, Theory of Charles Taylor, MacIntyre, Michael Sandel
  • Multiculturalism: Charles Taylor; Politics of recognition, Will Kymlicka; conception of Minority Rights
  • Feminism: Basic Concepts: Patriarchy, misogyny, Gender, Theories of Feminism; Liberal, Socialist, radical and eco-feminism

Unit- 9: Logic

  • Truth and Validity
  • Denotation and Connotation
  • Nature of Propositions
  • Categorical Syllogism
  • Laws of thought
  • Classification of Propositions
  • Square of Opposition
  • Truth-Functions and Propositional Logic
  • Quantification and Rules of Quantification
  • Symbolic Logic: Use of symbols
  • Decision Procedures: Truth Table, Using Truth- Tables for testing the validity of arguments
  • Venn Diagram, informal and formal Fallacies
  • Proving Validity, Argument and Argument-form
  • Axiomatic System, Consistency, Completeness
  • Differences between Deductive and Inductive Logic

Unit- 10: Applied Philosophy


  • What is applied Philosophy?
  • Philosophy of Technology; technology, dominance, power and social inequalities
  • Democratization of Technology
  • Public evaluation of science and technology
  • Ethical Implication of information technology, bio-technology, non-technology
  • Environmental Ethics: Nature as means or end, Aldo-Leopold; land-ethics,
  • Arne Naess: Deep Ecology, Peter Singer; Animal Rights
  • Medical-Ethics: Surrogacy, Doctor-patient relationship, abortion, euthanasia, female-infanticide
  • Professional Ethics: Corporate Governance and ethical responsibility

Paper 2 Syllabus Download Pdf:

Ugc Net Philosophy Syllabus 2023 in English

Ugc Net Philosophy Syllabus 2023 in Hindi

Preparation Tips for UGC NET Philosophy Exam 2023:

Here are some tips for preparing for the UGC NET Philosophy exam 2023:

  • Understand the syllabus and exam pattern thoroughly.
  • Make a study plan
  • Refer to standard textbooks and study materials recommended for the exam.
  • Practice previous year question papers and mock tests.
  • Focus on time management and accuracy while attempting the questions.
  • Take regular breaks and maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid burnout.
  • Join coaching classes or online courses if necessary.
  • Stay updated with current affairs related to the Philosophy field.

Important Points:

  • The UGC NET Philosophy exam is conducted by NTA for candidates who wish to pursue a career in Philosophy.
  • The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.
  • The exam pattern of UGC NET Philosophy 2023 includes multiple-choice questions and is conducted in online mode.
  • The marking scheme of the exam is +2 for a correct answer and no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and the number of questions is 150.
  • The UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF Download is an important document that provides a detailed outline of the topics that will be covered in the exam.
  • To download the syllabus, candidates can visit the official website of NTA and click on the link provided.
  • The syllabus is available in PDF format and can be downloaded for free.
  • The syllabus is divided into nine units, each covering a specific topic related to Philosophy.
  • To prepare for the exam, candidates must understand the syllabus, make a study plan, practice previous year question papers, join a coaching institute, take mock tests, and revise regularly.


  1. Is there any negative marking in the UGC NET Philosophy exam 2023? Ans: No, there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  2. Can I download the UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF from the official website? Ans: Yes, the syllabus is available for download on the official website of NTA.
  3. What is the duration of the UGC NET Philosophy exam 2023? Ans: The duration of each paper is 3 hours.

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In conclusion, the UGC NET Philosophy exam 2023 is a crucial opportunity for aspirants who want to pursue a career in the teaching or research field. To crack the exam, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus, exam pattern, and prepare accordingly. With a comprehensive understanding of the UGC NET Philosophy Syllabus 2023 PDF download and proper preparation, you can clear the exam with flying colors.

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