[New] UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

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Are you searching for the UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download? Look no further, as we have compiled all the important details and tips to help you prepare for the exam.

The UGC NET Anthropology exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates who wish to pursue a career in the field of Anthropology. The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.

If you are planning to appear for the UGC NET Anthropology 2023 exam, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern. In this article, we have compiled all the important information you need to know about the UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

UGC NET Anthropology Exam Pattern 2023:

The UGC NET Anthropology exam consists of two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Both papers are conducted on the same day, and the duration of each paper is 3 hours. The exam is conducted online, and each question carries 2 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

The UGC NET Anthropology Exam consists of two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2.

Paper 1:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 50
  • Total marks: 100
  • Type of questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based on general aptitude, teaching and research aptitude, and current affairs.

Paper 2:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 100
  • Total marks: 200
  • Type of questions: MCQs based on Anthropology subjects.

Both papers are conducted in a single session with no break in between. The candidates are required to appear for both papers to be considered for the selection process.

It’s important to note that there is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET Anthropology Exam.

UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023: Download PDF

The UGC NET Anthropology syllabus is divided into two parts – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Here’s a detailed syllabus for both papers.

Paper 1 Syllabus:

Teaching Aptitude:

  • Teaching: Nature, objectives, characteristics, and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners, and individual differences.
  • Methods of teaching: Teacher-centered vs. learner-centered methods; Off-line vs. online methods.
  • Evaluation systems: Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in higher education, and grading system.

Research Aptitude:

  • Research: Meaning, types, and characteristics.
  • Steps of research.
  • Methods of research.
  • Research Ethics.

Reading Comprehension:

  • Comprehension passages.


  • Communication: Nature, characteristics, types, barriers, and effective communication.
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  • Classroom communication.

Logical Reasoning:

  • Understanding the structure of arguments.
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Verbal analogies.

Data Interpretation:

  • Sources, acquisition, and interpretation of data.
  • Quantitative and qualitative data.
  • Graphical representation and mapping of data.

Paper 2 Syllabus:

Nta Ugc Net Anthropology Syllabus 2023 in English

Here you can check the latest UGC NET Syllabus For Anthropology Paper-II 2021 for English Medium.

Unit – I

  • History, development, aim and scope of Anthropology, relationship with other sciences, different branches of Anthropology (including Linguistic Anthropology) and their interrelationship.
  • Research methodology and methods: Concepts of epistemology, ontology and theoretical perspectives. Types of research (qualitative and quantitative), research design, hypothesis. Fieldwork and fieldwork tradition; Ethnography, Observation, Interview, Case Study, Life History, Focus group, PRA, RRA, Genealogical Method, Schedules and Questionnaires, Grounded Theory, Exploration and Excavation, GIS.
  • Statistics: concept of variables, sampling, measures of central tendency and dispersion, parametric and nonparametric bivariate and multivariate (linear regression and logistic regression) statistical tests.
  • Techniques of Analysis: Content analysis, Discourse analysis and Narratives.

Unit – II

  • Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Synthetic theory, neutral theory of molecular evolution, concept of cladogenesis and anagenesis, punctuated equilibrium, selection.
  • Trends in Primate radiation; Primate classification and distribution of extinct and extant species. Characteristics of primates: morphological (hair), skeletal (cranial, post cranial, dental, brain),
    physical (opposability of thumb), locomotion (quadrupedalism, brachiation and bipedalism) and posture, Primate social behaviour.
  • Extant Primates
    • Distribution, characteristics and classification. Prosimii (Tarsiioidea, Lorisoidea, Lemuroidea), Anthropoidea (Ceboidea, Cercopithecoidea, Hominoidea). Morphological and anatomical characteristics of Human, Chimpanzee, Gorilla, Orangutan and Gibbon
  • Fossils of extinct Primates
    • Oligocene-Miocene fossils – Parapithecus; Gigantopithecus, Aegyptopithecus, Dryopithecus, Ramapithecus and Sivapithecus.
  • Pre-hominid groups: Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Toumai), Orrorin tugenensis, Ardipithecus ramidus.
  • Early Hominids: Australopithecus afarensis, Australopithecus ramidus, Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus (Paranthropous) boisei, Australopithecus (Paranthropous) robustus, Australopithecus bahrelghazali.
  • Early Transitional Human: Homo habilis.
  • Hominid Evolution
    • Characteristics and distribution of Homo erectus in general, Special reference to the fossil evidences discovered from Africa (Turkana boy), Asia (Java man and Peking man), Europe (Dmanisi), Homo floresiensis (Dwarf variety)
  • Characteristics of Archaic sapiens with special reference to Europe (Homo heidelbergensis), Africa (Rhodesian Man), Asia (China, Jinniushan; India, Narmada Man).
  • Neandertal man: Distribution, salient features and phylogenetic position.
  • Characteristics of anatomically Modern Homo sapiens with special reference to Africa (Omo), Europe (Cro-magnon, Chancelade, Grimaldi), Asia (Jinniushan) and Australia (Lake Mungo).
  • Dispersal of modern humans: Out of Africa hypothesis, Multiregional hypothesis, Partial Replacement hypothesis.

Unit – III

  • Modern Human Variation: Typological Model, Populational Model and Clinal Model; overview of Classification proposed by Blumenbach, Deniker, Hooton, Coon, Garn and Birdsell.
  • Ethnic Classification and distribution of Indian Populations: H.H. Risley; B. S. Guha; S. S. Sarkar.
  • Linguistic distribution of ethnic groups.
  • Methods of studying Human Genetics: Cytogenetics, Mendelian Genetics, Twin Genetics, Sib Pair methods, Population Genetics, Molecular Genetics.
  • Cytogenetics: cell cycle, standard karyotyping and banding techniques (G, C and Q), chromosomal abnormalities, fluorescent in situ hybridization, Lyon’s hypothesis, importance of telomere and centromere.
  • Linkage and chromosome mapping, genetic imprinting.
  • Modes of inheritance: Autosomal (dominant, recessive, codominance), sex linked, sex influenced, sex limited, modifying genes, suppressor genes, selfish gene, multiple allelic inheritance, multifactorial inheritance (stature and skin colour), polygeneic (dermatoglyphics- Finger-ball Pattern types, Dankmeijer’s Index, Furuhata’s Index and Pattern Intensity Index, Total Finger Ridge Count, Absolute Finger Ridge Count, Palmar formula and mainline index, transversality, atd angle and flexion creases.
  • Population genetics: Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, definition and application; mating patterns (random, assortative and consanguineous), inbreeding coefficient, genetic load, genetic isolate, genetic drift, genetic distance); genetic polymorphisim (balanced and transient).
  • Molecular genetics: DNA, RNA, genetic code, protein structure and synthesis, concepts of RFLPs, VNTRs, STRs, and SNPs, Mitrochondrial DNA, genic and genomic mutations.

Unit – IV

  • Human Growth, development and maturation: definition, concepts. Basic principles of growth; phases of growth: Prenatal and postnatal (growth and development of different body parts, subcutaneous tissues and physiological variables).
  • Growth curves: Velocity, Distance, Acceleration and Scammon’s Growth curve. Catch up and Catch down growth.
  • Aging and senescence with special reference to somatic, skeletal and dental maturation Factors affecting growth: Genetic and Environmental. Secular trends in growth.
  • Methods of studying human growth: Longitudinal, Cross-sectional, Mixed longitudinal, Linked longitudinal.
  • Body composition: Bone mass, body mass, percentage of body fat, segmental fat, body age.
  • Human Adaptation: Allen’s and Bergmann’s rule; Human Adaptability Programme; human adaptation to heat, cold, high altitude.
  • Somatotyping: Concept, Development (Kretschmer, Sheldon, Parnoll, Health-Carter) and its application.
  • Demography: Multidisciplinary nature of demography and its relation with other disciplines. Relationship between demography and anthropological demography. Fertility (concept and determinants), Morbidity and mortality (concept and determinants), Migration (concept and determinants), Selection intensity.

Unit – V

  • Concept of prehistoric archaeology; ethno-archaeology, experimental archaeology, environmental archaeology, settlement archaeology, cognitive archaeology, geo-archaeology, action archaeology. Theoretical paradigms – descriptive to scientific period to interpretative period.
  • Dating:
    • Typology, seriation, geo-archaeological, obsidian, hydration, chemical dating of bones, oxygen isotope, fluorine estimation, dendrochronology, radio-carbon, fission track, thermo-
      luminescence, potassium-argon, varve clay, cross dating, amino acid racemization, palaeomagnetic.
  • Paleoenvironment:
    • Major geological stages (Tertiary, Quaternary, Pleistocene, Holocene). Major climatic changes during Pleistocene and post Pleistocene periods, glacial and interglacial periods, ice age, pluvial and inter-pluvial climatic phases. Evidences of quarternary climatic changes (moraines, varve, river terraces, loess, sea level changes, beach sequences, sea core, fluviatile deposits, palynology, palaeontology). Site formation.
  • Lithic tool typology and technology:
    • Lower Palaeolithic (pebble tools, chopper and chopping tools, bifaces, handaxes and cleavers); Middle Palaeolithic (Clactonean, Levalloisian and Mousterian flakes, discoid cores, tortoise core, fluted core, scrapers, point); Upper Palaeolithic (blade, knife, blunted back, borer, burin, points); Mesolithic (microliths); Neolithic (ring stone, grind stone, celt, adze).
  • Overview of Lithic Cultures of Europe:
    • Lower Palaeolithic: Acheulian culture. Middle Palaeolithic: Mousterian culture. Upper Palaeolithic: Perigordian, Chatelperronian, Gravettian, Aurignacian, Solutrian, Magdalenian. Mesolithic: Azilian, Tardenoisean, Maglamosean, Kitchen Midden, Natufian
  • Early Farming Cultures and Neolithic of the Near East
    • Sites like Jericho, Jarmo, Çatal Huyuk, Shanidar.

Unit – VI

  • Lower Palaeolithic Period in India :
    • Pebble tool culture: Soan
    • Acheulian culture: Madrasian (Kortalayar Valley), Attirmpakkam, Didwana, Belan Valley, Bhimbetka, Chirki-Nevasa, Hunsgi, Krishna Valley. Importance of Hathnora, Narmada valley.
    • Middle Palaeolithic period in India: Belan valley, Bhimbetka, Nevasa, Narmada valley.
    • Upper Palaeolithic period in India: Renigunta, Billa Surgam, Patne, Bhimbetka, Son and Belan Valleys, Visadi, Pushkar, Gunjan Valley.
    • Mesolithic period in India: Mesolithic economy and society. Post Pleistocene environmental changes. Development in microlithic technology, composite tools and bows and arrows. Sites include Bagor, Tilwara, Langhnaj, Adamgarh, Bagor, Chopani Mando, Bhimbetka, Sarai Nahar Rai, Birbhanpur.
    • Neolithic Period in India: Economic and social consequences of food production. Settlements, population growth, craft specializations, class formation and political institutions. Sites like Burzahom, Gufkral, Ahar, Gilund, Nagada, Kayatha, Navdatoli, Eran, Nevasa, Chandoli, Daimabad, Inamgaon, Prakash, Maski, Brahmagiri, Sangankallu, Tekkalkota, Piklihal, Nagarjunakonda, Daojali Hading, Kuchai, Sarutadu.
    • Prehistoric Cave art from India: Bhimbetka, Adamgarh.
    • Indus Civilization: Expansion of village sites. Development of metal technology, art and writing. Architecture and city planning. Stages and theories of decline. Sites like Amri, Kot Diji, Kalibangan, Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Lothal, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi.
    • Pottery and Traditions: Ochre Coloured Pottery (OCP), Black and Red ware, Painted Grey Ware (PGW), Northern Black Polished Ware (NBP). Distribution of the pottery types and period.
    • Bronze/Copper Age: General characteristics, distribution, people.
    • Iron Age and Urban Revolution: General characteristics, distribution, people.
    • Megaliths: concept and types (menhir, dolmen, topical, cist, cairn circle, sarcophagi)

Unit – VII

  • Conceptual Understanding of Social Anthropology:
    • Culture: Attributes, Holism, Universals, Acculturation, Enculturation, Transculturation, Culture Change, Culture Shock, Cultural Relativism, Civilization, Folk-Urban Continuum, Great and Little Tradition, Cultural Pluralism and World-View
    • Society: Groups, Institutions, Associations, Community, Status and Role. Incest. Endogamy and Exogamy. Rites of passage.
  • Social Institutions:
    • Family: Definitions, universality of the family. Typological and Processual methods of studying the family. Types of family – conjugal-natal, consanguineal, nuclear, joint, extended. Rules of residence – Patrilocal, Matrilocal, Ambilocal, Bilocal, Neolocal, Avunculocal, Virilocal, Amitalocal, Uxorilocal. Functions of family, Trends of change – urbanization, globalization, industrialization, feminist movements.
    • Marriage: Definition, universality, types and functions (monogamy, polygamy – polyandry, polygyny, hypogamy, hypergamy, levirate, sororate). Preferential and Prescriptive types. Types and forms of marital transactions – bride price and dowry. Marriage as exchange.
    • Kinship: Definition, Descent, kinship terminology, matrilineal puzzle. Joking and avoidance. moiety, phratry, clan and lineage. Types of kinship systems.
    • Economic Anthropology: Definition and relationship with Anthropology and Economy. Theories (Malinowski, Formal, Substantivist, Marxist). Livelihoods, Subsistence, Principles of production, distribution, consumption; division of labour in hunting-gathering, pastoral, swidden and agricultural communities. Exchange, reciprocity, gifts and barter systems. Kula, Potlatch and Jajmani – Anthropological explanations.
    • Legal Anthropology: Anthropology of Law, Social Sanctions.
    • Political Organization: Definitions, political processes in band, tribe, chiefdom and state systems. Conflicts and social control. Nations and Nation-state, democracy.
    • Religion and Belief Systems: Definitions, animism, animatism, manaism, bongaism, totemism, taboo. Religious specialists – witch, shaman, priest, medicine-man, sorcerer. Magic – definitions, types, approaches. Rituals
    • Social Change: Basic ideas and concepts (Assimilation, Integration, Syncretism, Dominance and Subjugation), Approaches


  • Theories in Social Anthropology
  • Evolutionism – Tylor, Morgan, Fraser, Maine, McLennan.
  • Diffusionism – Three schools (Austro-German, British, American).
  • Historical Particularism – Boas.
  • Functionalism – Malinowski.
  • Structural-Functionalism – Radcliffe-Brown, Firth, Fortes, Eggan, Parsons.
  • Structuralism – Levi-Strauss.
  • Culture and Personality/Psychological Anthropology – Mead, Benedict, DuBois, Linton, Kardiner, Whiting and Child.
  • Cultural Ecology, Environmental Anthropology, Neo-evolutionism (Leslie White, Julian Steward, Marshall Sahlins).
  • Cultural Materialism – Marvin Harris.
  • Symbolic Anthropology – Victor Turner, Raymond Firth, Mary Douglas.
  • Cognitive Anthropology – Roy D’Andrade, Stephen Tyler, Ward Goodenough.
  • Deep Ethnography, Interpretive Anthropology – Clifford Geertz.
  • Anthropology and Gender – Leela Dube, Renato Rosaldo, Marilyn Strathern, Zora Neale Hutson.
  • Postmodernism, Poststructuralism, Postcolonialism – Foucault, Derrida, Bourdieu.
  • Ethnicity – Barth, Jeffery, Weber.


  • Stages in the Development of Indian Anthropology
  • Concepts: Social Stratification (eg. Caste), Scheduled Caste (SC), Dalit, OBC, Nomadic Groups. Revivalist/Nativist movements, Peasant movements (Malabar and Telengana movements). Tribe, Scheduled Tribe (ST), Particularly Vulnerable Groups (PVTGs), Tribal movements (Birsa and Naga movements), Tribal Development, Distribution.
  • Indian Village and Village Studies in India (S.C. Dube, McKim Marriott, Weiser, Scarlett Epstein, M.N. Srinivas, F.G. Bailey) Constitutional Safeguards for SC and ST, Inclusion and Exclusion. Panchayati Raj Institutions and other traditional community political organizations, Self-Help Groups (SHGs).
  • Theoretical ideas: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization, Globalization, Sacred Complex, Nature-Man-Spirit Complex.
  • Early Indian Anthropologists and their contributions: G.S. Ghurye, B.S. Guha, S.C. Roy, Iravati Karve, L.P. Vidyarthi, S.C. Dube, M.N. Srinivas, N.K. Bose, Surajit Sinha, D.N. Majumdar, S.R.K. Chopra, Verrier Elwin, S.S. Sarkar, Dharani Sen, T.C. Das, P.C. Biswas

Unit – X


  • Concepts and Theories: Applied Anthropology, Action Anthropology, Engaged Anthropology, Experimental Anthropology, Urban Anthropology,Public Anthropology, Public Archaeology, Anthropology of Development, Medical Anthropology, Visual Anthropology, Genomic Studies, Genetic Screening and Counseling, Forensic Anthropology,Food and Nutritional Anthropology, Ergonomics, Kinanthropometry, Business Anthropology.
  • Community Development Projects (Rural, Urban and Tribal); Revisits, Re-studies, Reinterpretations, Intervention, Research Process and Social Impact Assessment (SIA).
  • Anthropological approaches in community studies: public health, education, nutrition, land alienation, bonded labour, housing, alternative economy, livelihood, gender issues, relief, rehabilitation and relocation, identity crisis, communication, training and management, aging and the aged.
  • Development Strategies (Plan/Sub Plan).
  • Role of NGOs in Development. Anthropology and NGOs.
  • Empowerment of Women, LGBT groups.

Paper 2 Syllabus Download Pdf:

Ugc Net Anthropology Syllabus 2023 in English

Ugc Net Anthropology Syllabus 2023 in Hindi

Preparation Tips for UGC NET Anthropology Exam 2023:

Here are some tips for preparing for the UGC NET Anthropology exam 2023:

  • Understand the syllabus and exam pattern thoroughly.
  • Make a study plan
  • Refer to standard textbooks and study materials recommended for the exam.
  • Practice previous year question papers and mock tests.
  • Focus on time management and accuracy while attempting the questions.
  • Take regular breaks and maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid burnout.
  • Join coaching classes or online courses if necessary.
  • Stay updated with current affairs related to the Anthropology field.

Important Points:

  • The UGC NET Anthropology exam is conducted by NTA for candidates who wish to pursue a career in Anthropology.
  • The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.
  • The exam pattern of UGC NET Anthropology 2023 includes multiple-choice questions and is conducted in online mode.
  • The marking scheme of the exam is +2 for a correct answer and no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and the number of questions is 150.
  • The UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download is an important document that provides a detailed outline of the topics that will be covered in the exam.
  • To download the syllabus, candidates can visit the official website of NTA and click on the link provided.
  • The syllabus is available in PDF format and can be downloaded for free.
  • The syllabus is divided into nine units, each covering a specific topic related to Anthropology.
  • To prepare for the exam, candidates must understand the syllabus, make a study plan, practice previous year question papers, join a coaching institute, take mock tests, and revise regularly.


  1. Is there any negative marking in the UGC NET Anthropology exam 2023? Ans: No, there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  2. Can I download the UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF from the official website? Ans: Yes, the syllabus is available for download on the official website of NTA.
  3. What is the duration of the UGC NET Anthropology exam 2023? Ans: The duration of each paper is 3 hours.

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In conclusion, the UGC NET Anthropology exam 2023 is a crucial opportunity for aspirants who want to pursue a career in the teaching or research field. To crack the exam, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus, exam pattern, and prepare accordingly. With a comprehensive understanding of the UGC NET Anthropology Syllabus 2023 PDF download and proper preparation, you can clear the exam with flying colors.

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