[New] UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

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Are you searching for the UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download? Look no further, as we have compiled all the important details and tips to help you prepare for the exam.

The UGC NET Archaeology exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates who wish to pursue a career in the field of Archaeology. The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.

If you are planning to appear for the UGC NET Archaeology 2023 exam, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern. In this article, we have compiled all the important information you need to know about the UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download

UGC NET Archaeology Exam Pattern 2023:

The UGC NET Archaeology exam consists of two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Both papers are conducted on the same day, and the duration of each paper is 3 hours. The exam is conducted online, and each question carries 2 marks. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

The UGC NET Archaeology Exam consists of two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2.

Paper 1:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 50
  • Total marks: 100
  • Type of questions: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based on general aptitude, teaching and research aptitude, and current affairs.

Paper 2:

  • Duration: 3 hours
  • Number of questions: 100
  • Total marks: 200
  • Type of questions: MCQs based on Archaeology subjects.

Both papers are conducted in a single session with no break in between. The candidates are required to appear for both papers to be considered for the selection process.

It’s important to note that there is no negative marking for incorrect answers in UGC NET Archaeology Exam.

UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023: Download PDF

The UGC NET Archaeology syllabus is divided into two parts – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Here’s a detailed syllabus for both papers.

Paper 1 Syllabus:

Teaching Aptitude:

  • Teaching: Nature, objectives, characteristics, and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners, and individual differences.
  • Methods of teaching: Teacher-centered vs. learner-centered methods; Off-line vs. online methods.
  • Evaluation systems: Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in higher education, and grading system.

Research Aptitude:

  • Research: Meaning, types, and characteristics.
  • Steps of research.
  • Methods of research.
  • Research Ethics.

Reading Comprehension:

  • Comprehension passages.


  • Communication: Nature, characteristics, types, barriers, and effective communication.
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  • Classroom communication.

Logical Reasoning:

  • Understanding the structure of arguments.
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Verbal analogies.

Data Interpretation:

  • Sources, acquisition, and interpretation of data.
  • Quantitative and qualitative data.
  • Graphical representation and mapping of data.

Paper 2 Syllabus:

Nta Ugc Net Archaeology Syllabus 2023 in English

Unit – I 

Introduction to Archaeology: Definition; aims, scope and ethics of archaeology; history and growth of Archaeology. History of Indian archaeology. Relationship of archaeology with social and natural sciences. Type and nature of archaeological data. Retrieval of archaeological data: Methods of explorations and excavations. (Random and systematic prospections; subsurface investigations using modern techniques such as remote sensing, resistivity surveys). Recording and documentation. Methods of artefact analysis: categorization, classification and characterization. Methods of interpretation and related issues: Application of sociological and anthropological models: Ethnography and experimental replication studies; Traditional, Processual and Post-Processual approaches. Preparation of archaeological reports.

Conservation and preservation of archaeological remains/sites: Aims and Methods; Antiquarian laws.

Chronology and Dating Methods: Relative dating: Cultural stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, typology, Fluorine, Nitrogen and Phosphate analysis; Soil analysis Chronometric methods: Radiocarbon (C14), Potassium/Argon, Fission track, Luminescence dating (TL and OSL), Dendrochronology, Palaeomagnetic dating Varve analysis, ESR dating, Obsidian hydration, Cosmogenic nuclides method of dating.


Introduction to Prehistory Prehistoric beginning: Geological, biological and cultural dimensions of humans. Human origin and Geological time scale: Late Tertiary (Miocene and Pliocene) and Quaternary Periods; Plio-Pleistocene boundary, Paleomagnetic records, Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Major environment and climatic changes of Pleistocene; Pleistocene and Marine Isotopic Stages (MIS). Biostratigraphy of the Pleistocene: Pleistocene flora and Fauna. Main stages of human evolution and important fossil records: Hominin ancestors of the Late Miocene, Pliocene and the Pleistocene: Pre-Australopiths, Australopiths and Homo; Hypotheses on modern human dispersal.


Cultural backdrop: Evolution of stone implements and development of lithic technologies: The Oldowan, Acheulian and the Flake and Blade based industries of the Stone Age.

Palaeolithic cultural development in the world context: Africa, Europe and South East Asia and China. Early Stone Age, Middle Stone Age and Late Stone Age of Africa; Lower Palaeolithic, Middle Palaeolithic and Upper Palaeolithic of Europe and West Asia. Palaeolithic cultural developments in China and South East Asia.

Prehistoric Art: antiquity, significance, distribution.

Unit – III

 Palaeolithic cultural developments in the Indian subcontinent: Geo-chronology and Stone Age cultures of India: The Sohan Valley and the Potwar Plateau sites in the Sivalik hills, The Belan and Son valleys, Didwana dune 16R in Rajasthan, Kortlayar valley/Attirampakkam in Tamilnadu and Jwalapuram in Andhra Pradesh.

Lower Palaeolithic culture: Tool types and lithic technology; The Sohan industry and its antiquity; The Acheulian industry and its spread into major river valleys: Sites in the Narmada and the Sabarmati valleys, the Belan and the Son valley sites, sites in the Hunsgi and Baichabal valleys, sites in the Krishna and the Godavari valleys, sites in the Kortlayar valley; sites associated with the Playas of Rajasthan.

Middle Palaeolithic culture and geographical spread; Tool types and lithic technology of the Middle Palaeolithic: the prepared core techniques/Levallois technique.

The Upper Palaeolithic culture: Tool types and lithic technologies of the Upper Palaeolithic: Blade and bone implements; geographic distribution and major sites.

Prehistoric Art in the Indian context: Antiquity, significance and distribution

Unit – IV 

Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures: Mesolithic in Europe; Epi-Palaeolithic developments in West Asia Neolithic and Food Production: Neolithic stage in West Asia and China.

Mesolithic culture of the Indian subcontinent: Characteristic features; Tool types and micro-blade technology; regional variations in tool assemblages; Evidence of incipient stages of food production. Patterns of ecological adaptation and distribution: Sites in the alluvial plains, horseshoe lakes, coastal sites, sand-dune sites, sites in the plateaus and rock-shelter sites.

Neolithic cultures of the Indian subcontinent: Early farming communities of Baluchistan: Mehrgarh and Kili-Gul-Muhammad. Neolithic culture in Kashmir.


Neolithic culture in the Central Ganga and Vindhyan region: Koldihwa, Mahagara, Lahuradewa etc. Eastern Neolithic sites: Chirand, Chechar Senuwar, Kuchai, and Baidyapur and the Neolithic culture of the North-Eastern region: Sarutaru, Selbalgiri, Daojali Hading, Marakdola.

Neolithic cultural development in the southern peninsular India: Sanganakallu, Pikhlihal, Uttnur, Kodekal, Teklakota, Hallur, Nagarjunakonda and Ash-mound sites.

Unit – V 

Proto-history: Courses towards urbanization: The Harappa culture. Formative stages of the Harappa culture: Emergence of village farming/ Chalcolithic settlements and beginning of regional cultures in the North and North-Western India and Pakistan. Contemporary developments in the Gagghar- Saraswati system and in Gujarat (Pre-Urban /Pre and Early Harappan cultural development).

Early Harappan and the emergence of the Urban Harappan cultural ethos. Urban Harappan and geographical spread; settlement features; town planning and architecture; Economic production: the urban-rural dichotomy, agriculture and craft production. Trade and subsistence; standardisation of craft and the Harappan script, evidence of overseas contacts. Socio-political organization; art and evidence of religious beliefs; Authors? Important excavated sites: Mohanjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Lothal, Dholavira, Surkotada, Banawali, Rakhigarhi, Bagasra, Rojdi, Rangpur. Regional variations within the material culture: the concept of Sorath and Sindhi/Classical Harappan in Gujarat.

Post-Urban Harappan Decline of the Urban Harappan: causes of decline and different theories on decline . Post-Urban phase: evidence from the Indus valley, Gagghar-Saraswati system and from Gujarat (Post-Urban or Late Harappa cultures of Sindh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and Western Uttar Pradesh).

Other Chalcolithic Cultures of India: The Copper Hoard and Ochre Coloured Pottery; Chalcolithic cultural remains in the Ganga plain. The Banas/Ahar cultural developments in southern Rajasthan and its antiquity and distribution. The Kayatha assemblage of Madhya Pradesh. The Malwa culture of the Narmada valley and its geographic distribution. Chalcolithic cultures of the Deccan region (Savalda, Malwa, Jorwe cultures).


The Iron Age and growth of new urban centres. Antiquity of Iron in India: Early stages of Iron Age, new evidence from Malhar, Dadupur, Raja Nal-ka-tila,


Hallur, Kumaranahalli and Kodumanal.

Painted Grey Ware culture: Extent, and Chronology and characteristic traits.

Northern Black Polished Ware culture: Extent, chronology and characteristic traits.

Iron Age in Peninsular India: The Megalithic culture in peninsular India and beyond: Geographical spread, typology, chronological contexts, cultural artefacts and authors of Megalithic tradition.

The beginning of Early Historic period and the emergence of Urban centres in the Ganga Valley and Peninsular India.

Multiple modes of economic production, expansion of trade and development of trade routes, Maritime trade; emergence of new Urban centres.

Emergence of urban centres: Important city sites: Rajghat, Ujjain, Vaisali, Taxila, Mathura, Sravasti, Kausambi, Sisupalgargh etc.

Important sites of Historical period: Sringaverpura, Ahichhatra, Atiranjikhera, Hasthinapur, Khairadih, Chandarketugarh, Nasik, Adam, Satanikota, Nagarjunakonda, Arikamedu, Kodumanal, Pattanam.

Unit – VII

 Architecture: A significant source of Indian history The Stupa architecture: Structural Stupas: Origin and development: North and South Indian stupas. Development of Rock-cut architecture: Origin and Development – Buddhist Brahmanical and Jain.

Temple Architecture: Origin and development of temples, Main features of the temple architecture, features and development of distinct architectural styles of Nagara, Vesara, Dravida and Bhumija temples. Gupta, Chalukyan, Pallava and Rashtrakuta temples. Regional styles: Khajuraho temples, Temples of Odisha and Chola temples.

Art and Iconography Sculptural Art: Stone and Bronze: Antiquity and development: The Mauryan pillar capitals, early Yaksha-Yakshi images, Shunga, Western Kshatrapa, Satvahana sculptures; the Kushana sculptures: Mathura and Gandhara Schools; Gupta sculptures: Saranath school; Chalukya, Pallava; Pala, Chandela, Chola and Hoysala sculptures.


Iconography Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Kartikeya, Ganesha, Surya, Shakti, Tirthankara (Rishabh dev, Parshvanath and Mahavira), Buddha, Bodhisattva and Tara.

Terracotta Art: Mauryan to the Gupta period Paintings: Rock-cut cave paintings: Ajanta, Bagh and Sittanavasal

Unit – VIII 

Palaeography and Epigraphy: Epigraphy as a source of Indian history: Origin and antiquity of writing in India; Origin and development of Brahmi and Kharosthi scripts: Various theories. Study of selected inscriptions: Asokan Edicts: Rock Edicts II, X, XII, XIII; Lumbini inscription of Asoka; Minor rock edict of Bairat; Besnagar Garuda pillar inscription; Hathigumpha inscription of Kharvela, Ushavadata inscription in Nasik cave 10, Junagadh inscription of Rudradaman, Nasik cave III inscription of Vasishtaputra Pulmavi Year 19; Swat relic casket inscription; Saranath Buddha image inscription, Lucknow museum Jain image inscription of the time of Huviska; Allahabad pillar inscription of Samudragupta; Bhitri inscription of Skandagupta, Aihole pillar inscription of Pulkesin II; Gwalior inscription of Mihir Bhoja; Khalimpur copper plate of Dharmpala; Sanjan copper plate of Amoghavarsha, Mandsor inscription of Yeshovaran; Truvalangad copper plates of Rajendra Chola year 6 and Sangli copper plate of Govinda IV, Tharsapalli copper plates.

Unit – IX 

Numismatics: Coins as an important source of history Origin and antiquity of coinage in ancient India. Technique/Methods of manufacturing coins: Silver, copper, gold and alloys. Main type of coins: Punch marked coins, inscribed and un-inscribed cast coins. Janpada and tribal coins, Indo-Greek coins. Saka-Kashtrapa, Kushana and Satavahana coinage; Coins of the Gupta dynasty; Roman coins. Brief account of Early Medieval Indian coinage.

Unit – X 

Methodology of archaeological research. Role and characteristics of research, research ethics, methods of research; case studies and field investigations; Hypothesis formulation and research design; data collection and processing: Primary and secondary sources, use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in archaeological research; Methods of systematic referencing; Systematic presentation of data and results

Paper 2 Syllabus Download Pdf:

Ugc Net Archaeology Syllabus 2023 in English

Ugc Net Archaeology Syllabus 2023 in Hindi

Preparation Tips for UGC NET Archaeology Exam 2023:

Here are some tips for preparing for the UGC NET Archaeology exam 2023:

  • Understand the syllabus and exam pattern thoroughly.
  • Make a study plan
  • Refer to standard textbooks and study materials recommended for the exam.
  • Practice previous year question papers and mock tests.
  • Focus on time management and accuracy while attempting the questions.
  • Take regular breaks and maintain a healthy lifestyle to avoid burnout.
  • Join coaching classes or online courses if necessary.
  • Stay updated with current affairs related to the Archaeology field.

Important Points:

  • The UGC NET Archaeology exam is conducted by NTA for candidates who wish to pursue a career in Archaeology.
  • The exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge in the subject and tests their eligibility for lectureship and research fellowships.
  • The exam pattern of UGC NET Archaeology 2023 includes multiple-choice questions and is conducted in online mode.
  • The marking scheme of the exam is +2 for a correct answer and no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  • The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and the number of questions is 150.
  • The UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF Download is an important document that provides a detailed outline of the topics that will be covered in the exam.
  • To download the syllabus, candidates can visit the official website of NTA and click on the link provided.
  • The syllabus is available in PDF format and can be downloaded for free.
  • The syllabus is divided into nine units, each covering a specific topic related to Archaeology.
  • To prepare for the exam, candidates must understand the syllabus, make a study plan, practice previous year question papers, join a coaching institute, take mock tests, and revise regularly.


  1. Is there any negative marking in the UGC NET Archaeology exam 2023? Ans: No, there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.
  2. Can I download the UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF from the official website? Ans: Yes, the syllabus is available for download on the official website of NTA.
  3. What is the duration of the UGC NET Archaeology exam 2023? Ans: The duration of each paper is 3 hours.

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In conclusion, the UGC NET Archaeology exam 2023 is a crucial opportunity for aspirants who want to pursue a career in the teaching or research field. To crack the exam, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the syllabus, exam pattern, and prepare accordingly. With a comprehensive understanding of the UGC NET Archaeology Syllabus 2023 PDF download and proper preparation, you can clear the exam with flying colors.

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