Higher Education System in India NTA Ugc Net 2018 Pdf

Higher Education System in India NTA Ugc Net 2018 Pdf

Ministry of Human Resource Development

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, formerly Ministry of Education (until 25 September 1985), is responsible for the development of human resources in India. The Ministry is divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university education, technical education, scholarship etc. The erstwhile Ministry of Education now functions under these two departments, as of 26 September 1985.

The Ministry is headed by the cabinet-ranked Minister of Human Resources Development, a member of the Council of Ministers. The current HRD minister is Prakash Javadekar.

 

Department of Higher Education

The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956.

The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform.

For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian student benefit from the world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions.

The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutions): IIITs (4 – Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kancheepuram), IITs (16), IIMs (13), IISc, IISER (5), NITs (30), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, IIEST, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)

Organisational structure  Higher Education

University and Higher Education; Minorities Education

  1. University Grants Commission (UGC)
  2. Education Research and Development Organisation (ERDO)
  3. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR)
  4. Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
  5. Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR)
  6. 46 Central Universities as on 11.09.2015, list issued by University Grants Commission

Technical Education

  1. All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)
  2. Council of Architecture (COA)[9]
  3. 5 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) (Allahabad, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Kancheepuram and Kurnool )
  4. 3 School of Planning and Architecture (SPAs)
  5. 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  6. 7 Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs)
  7. 20 Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs)[10]
  8. 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
  9. Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (IIEST)
  10. Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology
  11. North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST)
  12. National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)
  13. 4 National Institutes of Technical Teachers’ Training & Research (NITTTRs) (Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai and Kolkata)
  14. Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering & Technology (GKCIET)
  15. 4 Regional Boards of Apprenticeship / Practical TrainingIndian Institute of Advanced Studies (IIAS), Shimla

Distance Education and Scholarships

  1. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  2. UNESCO, International Cooperation, Book Promotion and Copyrights, Education Policy, Planning and Monitoring
  3. Integrated Finance Division.
  4. Statistics, Annual Plan and CMIS

Others:

  1. National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA)
  2. National Book Trust (NBT)
  3. National Board of Accreditation (NBA)
  4. National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI)
  5. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
  6. National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  7. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
  8. Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS)
  9. Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS)
  10. National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
  11. Central Tibetan Administration (CTA)
  12. National Foundation for Teachers’ Welfare
  13. a public sector enterprise, Educational Consultants (India) Limited (EdCIL)
  14. Central Tibetan Administration,(Bureau of HH the Dalai Lama),(Lajpat nagar),Delhi
  15. National Open School Institute (NosI)
  16. National Backward Krishi Vidyapeeth Solapur in India (Nbk)

Apex Body in Higher Education

  1. All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)
  2. Council of Architecture (COA)
  3. Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
  4. Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR)
  5. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR)
  6. University Grants Commission (UGC)

Statutory professional councils are:

  1. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  2. Distance Education Council (DEC)
  3. Indian Council for Agriculture Research (lCAR)
  4. Bar Council of India(BCI)
  5. National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  6. Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
  7. Medical Council of India (MCI)
  8. Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  9. Indian Nursing Council (INC)
  10. Dentist Council of India (DCI)
  11. Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
  12. Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

University Grants Commission

The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956[1] under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education. It provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognised universities and colleges. Its headquarters is in New Delhi, and has six regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore.

UGC is modelled after University Grants Committee of UK which was an advisory committee of the British government and advised on the distribution of grant funding amongst the British universities. The committee was in existence from 1919 until 1989.

Accreditation for higher learning over Universities under the aegis of University Grants Commission is overseen by following fifteen autonomous statutory institutions :

Accreditation for higher learning over Universities under the aegis of University Grants Commission is overseen by following fifteen autonomous statutory institutions :

Higher Education System in India NTA Ugc Net 2018 Pdf

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